China has other options for its iron ore

Original article by Nick Evans
The Australian – Page: 17 & 20 : 11-Oct-19

Fortescue Metals Group CEO Elizabeth Gaines has stressed the importance of Australia’s trading relationship with China. She has told the in a Melbourne Mining Club that commodities exports to China have been a key contributor to Australia’s economic growth, and warned that China will seek other sources of iron ore if relations between the two nations deteriorates. Gaines noted that Ernst & Young has estimated that iron ore accounted for three per cent of Australia’s GDP in 2018-19.

CORPORATES
FORTESCUE METALS GROUP LIMITED – ASX FMG, THE MELBOURNE MINING CLUB, RIO TINTO LIMITED – ASX RIO, ALUMINIUM CORPORATION OF CHINA LIMITED

Trade surplus declines on lower iron ore price

Original article by Matthew Cranston
The Australian Financial Review – Page: 10 : 4-Oct-19

Official figures show that Australia recorded a trade surplus of $5.9bn in August, compared with a record $8bn in June. The total value of exports of goods and services fell by $1.4bn in August, and imports fell by $137m. A downturn in the price of iron and coal was the major contributor to the lower trade surplus. The value of iron ore exports declined by 12 per cent during the month, with the price of the steel input falling from a peak of $US120 per tonne to $US91. However, iron ore export volumes increased by 15 per cent.

CORPORATES
AUSTRALIAN BUREAU OF STATISTICS, COMMONWEALTH SECURITIES LIMITED, NATIONAL AUSTRALIA BANK LIMITED – ASX NAB

Australian reliance on China at record

Original article by Matthew Cranston
The Australian Financial Review – Page: 10 : 1-Oct-19

Data from the Australian National University shows that China now accounts for 38 per cent of Australia’s total exports, compared with 34 per cent in 2018. The value of the nation’s exports to China during the first seven months of 2019 totalled $84bn, which is about $12bn per month, up from $9.8bn a month in 2018. In contrast, Japan’s share of Australian exports was just 16 per cent in 2018, having peaked at more than 30 per cent in 1976.

CORPORATES
AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, GOLDMAN SACHS AUSTRALIA PTY LTD, VALE SA

Mining earnings heading for peak

Original article by Sarah-Jane Tasker
The Australian – Page: 17 & 20 : 30-Sep-19

Resources Minister Matt Canavan says the latest Resources and Energy Quarterly report underlines the importance of mining to Australia’s economy, noting that the sector contributed a third of GDP growth in the June 2019 quarter. He has urged lenders to continue to provide financing for resources and energy projects, at a time when local mining companies intend to increase their annual investment expenditure for the first time in six years. The report forecasts that resources and energy exports will top $282bn in 2019-20, eclipsing the record $279bn in 2018-19.

CORPORATES
AUSTRALIA. DEPT OF INDUSTRY, INNOVATION AND SCIENCE

Fear of Aussie beef with Trump

Original article by Ean Higgins
The Australian – Page: 8 : 30-Aug-19

Trade expert Alan Oxley says the proposed trade deal between the US and Japan is likely to have an impact on Australia’s beef exports. The nation is the biggest supplier of beef to Japan at present, and the trade deal will reduce Australia’s competitive advantage over the US with regard to Japan’s beef import tariffs. Trade Minister Simon Birm­ingham has sought to downplay concerns about the US-Japan trade deal, noting that Australian beef exports to Japan reached record levels in 2018.

CORPORATES
AUSTRALIA. DEPT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND TRADE, NATIONAL FARMERS’ FEDERATION LIMITED, UNITED STATES. EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, JAPAN. OFFICE OF THE PRIME MINISTER, TW PEARSON AND SON, CATTLE COUNCIL OF AUSTRALIA

Super, massive trade surplus holds up economy

Original article by John Kehoe
The Australian Financial Review – Page: 1 & 6 : 7-Aug-19

Westpac’s chief economist Bill Evans says Australia could be set to post its first current account surplus since 1975, following the release of the latest balance of trade data. The nation’s trade surplus rose to a record $8.04bn in June and totalled $19.7bn for the June quarter, which is $5.2bn higher than the March quarter. The result was driven by strong growth in iron ore export volumes and the price of the steel input during the period. Australia’s overall export volumes increased by 1.4 per cent in June, while there was a 3.6 per cent decline in imports.

CORPORATES
WESTPAC BANKING CORPORATION – ASX WBC, AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND BANKING GROUP LIMITED – ASX ANZ, JP MORGAN AUSTRALIA LIMITED, CAPITAL ECONOMICS LIMITED

LNG breaks record with $50.5b of exports

Original article by Angela Macdonald-Smith
The Australian Financial Review – Page: 13 & 18 : 16-Jul-19

Data from EnergyQuest shows that LNG was Australia’s third-biggest source of export revenue in 2018-19, after iron ore and coal. LNG exports totalled 75.1 million tonnes by volume, an increase of 21.2 per cent, and about $50.5bn in terms of value. Shipments from Queensland’s three LNG plants increased from 20.5 million tonnes in 2017-18 to 21.8 million tonnes, although new LNG projects in Western Australia and the Northern Territory were the main driver of the growth in exports. The federal government expects LNG export earnings to peak at $54bn in 2019-20.

CORPORATES
ENERGYQUEST PTY LTD, SANTOS LIMITED – ASX STO, ORIGIN ENERGY LIMITED – ASX ORG, ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC, CHEVRON CORPORATION, GLOBAL ENERGY MONITOR, AUSTRALIA. DEPT OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY

Australia set to emit 13pc of all carbon

Original article by James Fernyhough
The Australian Financial Review – Page: 17 : 8-Jul-19

A report commissioned by the Australian Conservation Foundation contends that the nation will be responsible for up to 13 per cent of the world’s carbon dioxide emissions by 2030. Prepared by German think tank Climate Analytics, the report takes into account emissions from Australian fossil fuel exports that are burnt in other countries. The Minerals Council of Australia estimated in 2018 that demand for imported thermal coal in Asia could rise by up to 400 million tonnes by 2030, while Gavan McFadzean from the ACF rejects the suggestion that Australia should not be responsible for what other countries do with its fossil fuels.

CORPORATES
AUSTRALIAN CONSERVATION FOUNDATION INCORPORATED, CLIMATE ANALYTICS, MINERALS COUNCIL OF AUSTRALIA

Resource export earnings surge

Original article by Perry Williams
The Australian – Page: 17 & 21 : 1-Jul-19

The Department of Industry estimates that Australia’s resources export earnings reached a new high of $275bn in 2018-19. It forecasts that this will top $285bn in 2019-20, before falling to $260bn in 2020-21 as commodity prices ease. Iron ore exports are forecast to reach a record $79bn in 2019-20, up from $75bn in 2018-19, and ease to $65bn in 2020-21. Resources Minister Matt Canavan notes that mining investment has fallen in the last five years, and he says governments in Australia should capitalise on high commodity prices by reducing the regulatory barriers to investing in the sector.

CORPORATES
AUSTRALIA. DEPT OF INDUSTRY, INNOVATION AND SCIENCE, ADANI MINING PTY LTD

BHP energises coal to dodge China import restrictions

Original article by Peter Ker
The Australian Financial Review – Page: 15 & 18 : 19-Jun-19

BHP is looking at ways to upgrade the quality of thermal coal produced at its Mt Arthur mine in New South Wales, in order to increase exports to Japan and South Korea. The move is aimed at offsetting the impact of China’s restrictions on coal imports from Australia. Coal buyers in Japan and Korea generally prefer coal that contains about 6,000 kilocalories of energy per kilogram, whereas the coal that BHP ships to China typically has 5,500 kilocalories of energy per kilogram.

CORPORATES
BHP GROUP LIMITED – ASX BHP, YANCOAL AUSTRALIA LIMITED – ASX YAL, S&P GLOBAL PLATTS